We recently returned from our sixth road trip to Baja California, another 2,000-mile drive to see the gray whales that annually migrate five thousand miles from Alaska to have their babies in the shallow warm water lagoons of Baja California Sur. This is a bucket list item for sure; probably the only opportunity to get close enough to gray whales to pet both 15-ton adults and one-ton babies. In addition to bucket list whale petting, Baja California also offers premier wine tasting, Boojum forests and other biological wonders and fabulous birding.

The Baja peninsula is an incredible place to visit. Mention Baja to most people and their perception is a dusty desert, home to a waterless thousand-mile off-road race and nothing else. That off-road race, which began in 1967, still exists, but Baja is much more. Much, much more. The peninsula is second only to the Malaysian Peninsula in terms of length and consists of 55,360 square miles of unique and incomparable habitat.

Elevation ranges from sea level to the pine-oak forests of Picacho del Diablo at 10,157-feet. It contains 1,864 miles of coastline bordering both the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortez, and there are 65 offshore islands. It’s nearly a thousand miles from top to bottom, and its width ranges from just 25 miles to 200. It’s home to expanses of cardon cactus, elephant trees, more than two miles of endemic boojum trees and hundreds of exotic plants and flowers. It’s also home to more than 500 species of birds, including four endemics.

With its location, elevation range and nearly 2,000 miles of coastline, Baja is a premier birder’s destination. It consists of two states, Baja California to the north and Baja California Sur to the south. On eBird, the northern state has documented 496 species of birds and the southern state 465 species. There are 362 eBird Hotspots in the north and 301 in the south. By comparison, Arizona has 564 species.

All four of the Baja endemics are found only in the south, and include Xantus’s Hummingbird, Gray Thrasher, Belding’s Yellowthroat and Baird’s Junco. The Gray Thrasher resembles the Sage Thrasher (but with a longer curved bill).

Baird’s Junco, named after American ornithologist Spencer Fullerton Baird, is found only in the Sierra de La Laguna mountains at the southern end of the peninsula, and is a split of our familiar, Yellow-eyed Junco. Belding’s Yellowthroat resembles our Common Yellowthroat and is named after Lyman Belding, a California naturalist.

The Xantus’s Hummingbird is a beautiful, masked bird with a red bill and a white eye stripe, like the related White-eared Hummingbird, and is named after John Xantus de Vesey, a Hungarian Zoologist. The thrasher, yellowthroat and hummingbird are all found east and south of the state border, from Ignacio Springs south to the end of the peninsula.

All three of these endemics can be found in and near the beautiful Ignacio Springs Bed & Breakfast, an American-owned complex of fully-equipped luxury Yurts and cabins in a gorgeous, palm-treed setting on the banks of a spring-fed river. Ignacio Springs is just an hour’s drive southeast of Guerrero Negro, home of the largest whale nursery lagoon, and between the two locations you can find a huge variety of land and sea birds. And, don’t forget, if you go birding in February you can also pet a gray whale.

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If you have questions or comments about SaddleBrooke’s birds, or to receive emailed information about bird walks led by Bob and Prudy, call (520) 825-9895 or send an email to bobandpru@gmail.com. Previously published articles can be found at birdingthebrookeandbeyond.com.